Sociology: A brief introduction

Sociology: A brief introduction

The genesis of Sociology is unlike other social and classical subjects such as history, economics, and political science, to name a few. Sociology has been the outcome of the multi socio-economic and political expeditions of the late eighteenth and the early nineteenth century Europe engraving immense impact on the prevailing human scenario resulting into radical transformation of the society. The subject unquestionably seem to share a common forte of interpreting the societal issues of the human society but unlike other classical subjects it has been accredited as the scientific approach to understanding the intricate, complex, diverse and interrelated human relationships and their interactions which have form a profound base for the existence and the continuance of the human society.

Enormous contributions have been made by renowned scholars who seem to live through their ground breaking work. Such enlightenment has not been possible by the mere virtue of the Almighty but due to the keen observance, concerns and their vocal approach towards the societal issues which has been well ventilated through their prolific and objective writings. The Eighteenth century France with the rise of the French revolution, the nineteenth century England with its industrial and scientific innovations which ultimately paved the foundations for a centralized form of capitalism and the birth of Philosophies marked predominantly by the Age of Reason or Enlightenment has been the essential factors which enabled and marked the possibility for the birth of a discipline commonly known by the term ‘Sociology’.

Acknowledging the primary contributions provided by the classical scholars should be the primary concerns while discussing the development, nature and scope of the subject matter. Aguste Comte who is known as the father of Sociology gave sociology its reputation as a social science through his work on positivism. Emile Duurkheim deserves the credit for changing the orientation of the subject with the importance which he gave to the study towards society and its collectiveness. Additionally, Karl Marx has been the thinker of the millennium as his works on Class and Capitalism still serve to be the bible for many radical thinkers and politicians. Last but not the least, Max Weber, known as the father of Modern Sociology, through his work on religion, rationality and capitalism still seem to provide the basic foundation and relevance in understanding the modern, complex society.

The intellectual endeavor concerning the nature and the subject matter of sociology has been evolving. As such sociology has gained the reputation of being diverse but not limited in its orientation, creating new intellectual and thought provoking works and understandings about the society and its individuals with their socio-economic and political voyages.



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